Turbulence measurements in the near field of a wingtip vortex

Publisher: National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Ames Research Center, Publisher: National Technical Information Service, distributor in Moffett Field, Calif, [Springfield, Va

Written in English
Published: Downloads: 37
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  • Turbulent flow,
  • Near fields,
  • Wing tips,
  • Vortices,
  • Wind tunnel tests,
  • Flow measurement,
  • Stress tensors,
  • Reynolds stress

Edition Notes

StatementJim Chow, Greg Zilliac, Peter Bradshaw.
SeriesNASA technical memorandum -- 110418.
ContributionsZilliac, Greg., Bradshaw, P. 1935-, Ames Research Center.
The Physical Object
Pagination1 v.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL17834421M

  More information: Prateek Ranjan et al, Computational Analysis of Vortex Wakes Without Near-Field Rollup Characteristics, Journal of Aircraft (). DOI: /1.C Turbulence Measurements in the Near Field of a Wingtip Vortex,“ NASA TM, (). Unified Zonal Method Based on the Fortified Solution Algorithm,”. The Near-Field Interactions element encompasses a broad range of analytical model-development and measurement activities. The prime objective of the measurements is to provide the detailed test data needed to assess the accuracy and completeness of the models. The combined goal of . Experimental Study of the Structure of a Wingtip Vortex A complete look at the near-field development and subsequent role-up of a wingtip vortex from a NACA wing section is investigated. Two separate but equally important surveys of the vortex structure in the region adjacent to the wingtip and approximately one chord length downstream of the trailing edge are performed.

In fluid dynamics, turbulence or turbulent flow is fluid motion characterized by chaotic changes in pressure and flow is in contrast to a laminar flow, which occurs when a fluid flows in parallel layers, with no disruption between those layers.. Turbulence is commonly observed in everyday phenomena such as surf, fast flowing rivers, billowing storm clouds, or smoke from a chimney. * Vortex analysis of turbulence structure, transport, and modeling Turbulent Flow is an essential book for students and an invaluable reference for mechanical and aerospace engineers, physicists and mathematicians in related disciplines, and engineers and scientists in such fields as chemical, biological, and ocean s: 2. COVID Resources. Reliable information about the coronavirus (COVID) is available from the World Health Organization (current situation, international travel).Numerous and frequently-updated resource results are available from this ’s WebJunction has pulled together information and resources to assist library staff as they consider how to handle coronavirus.   The beginning of downstroke is similar for all speeds, the wingtip vortex is starting to form but no root vortex is present (figure 3 a,f,k). At m s −1, tail vortices are visible during the start of the downstroke (figure 3 a). At mid-downstroke both the wingtip vortex and the wing root vortex are the strongest at all speeds (figure 3 b,g,l).

Instead, they use the area for, say, sports fields. Is it possible, in otherwise no-wind conditions, for a vortex/wake turbulence caused by a landing/taking-off aeroplane to dislodge a cricket bail on a nearby sports field? How close would the sports field have to be to the runway for this to possibly happen? An experimental study of the tip- vortex behind a NACA rectangular wing of aspect ratio 4 was carried out to understand the structure and evolution of the vortex in the near-wake region. The results of these experimental studies are presented in this report. These measurements were made.   Turbulence Structure and Vortex Dynamics Reissue Edition by J. C. R. Hunt (Editor) ISBN is a high-level state-of-the-art presentation of one of the intensively developing key directions of research in this field." Mathematical Reviews Product Dimensions: 6 x x 9 inches Shipping Weight: 1 pounds. If we're talking about large aircraft the answer is Powerful enough that you want to stay out of them.. I refer you to this delightful FAA video in which a Cessna (looks like a ) was flown into the wake of a C-5 Galaxy. The Cessna was rolled through degrees by the vortex. NASA research has shown that the rotational speed of wake vortices can exceed miles per hour ( knots).

Turbulence measurements in the near field of a wingtip vortex Download PDF EPUB FB2

Mean Flow and Turbulence Measurements in the Near Field of a Fighter Aircraft Wing-Tip Vortex at High Reynolds Number and Transonic Flow Conditions The wing-tip vortex was generated by a rigid 6% scale wind tunnel model of the F/A fighter aircraft.

The model was supported by a roof-mounted sting (Figure 1). The mounting bracket permitted Author: Fenella de Souza, Ben H.K. Lee. Mean and Turbulence Measurements in the Near Field of a Wingtip Vortex.

An experimental study on the interaction between free-stream turbulence and a wing-tip vortex in the near-field. Aerospace Science and Technology, Vol.

The Effect of Streamtube Contraction on the Characteristics of a Streamwise by:   Measurements in the near-field of a turbulent wingtip vortex. Turbulence Measurements inside Blade Tip Vortices Using Dual-Plane Particle Image Velocimetry. Journal of the American Helicopter Society, Vol.

55, No. Turbulent Tip Vortex Measurements Using Dual-Plane Stereoscopic Particle Image Velocimetry. Turbulence Measurements in the Near Field of a Wingtip Vortex The roll-up of a wingtip vortex, at Reynolds number based on chord of million was studied with an emphasis on suction side and near wake measurements.

The research was conducted in a 32 in. x 48 in. low-speed wind tunnel. The half-wing model had a semi-span of 36 in. a chord of 48 in. and a rounded tip. Turbulence measurements in the near field of a wingtip vortex (OCoLC) Material Type: Document, Government publication, National government publication, Internet resource: Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File: All Authors / Contributors: Jim Chow; Gregory G Zilliac; P Bradshaw; Ames Research Center.

A Reynolds stress turbulence model using vorticity confinement was used to compute the vortex in the near-field and experimental measurements were taken with a five-hole probe and x-wire anemometer. WING-TIP VORTEX EVOLUTION IN TURBULENCE Planar and stereo particle image velocimetry measurements were conducted of a wing-tip vortex decaying in free-stream turbulence in order to understand the evolution of a vortex and its decay mechanism.

The vortex decayed faster in the presence of turbulence. The flow in the cross-flow separation region of a prolate spheroid at 10 deg angle of attack, Re L = × 10 6, was investigated using a novel, miniature, 3-D, fiber-optic Laser Doppler Velocimeter (LDV).The probe was used to measure three simultaneous, orthogonal velocity components from within the model, from approximately y + = 7 out to the boundary layer edge.

J.S. Chow, G.G. Zilliac, P. BradshawMean and turbulence measurements in the near field of a wingtip vortex AIAA J., 35 (10) (), pp. Winglets and wingtip fences also increase efficiency by reducing vortex interference with laminar airflow near the tips of the wing, by 'moving' the confluence of low-pressure (over wing) and high-pressure (under wing) air away from the surface of Turbulence measurements in the near field of a wingtip vortex book wing.

Wingtip vortices create turbulence, originating at the leading edge of the wingtip and. adshelp[at] The ADS is operated by the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory under NASA Cooperative Agreement NNX16AC86A.

The structure and development of a wing-tip vortex - Volume - William J. Devenport, Michael C. Rife, Stergios I. Liapis, Gordon J. Follin P. Turbulence measurements in the near-field of a wingtip vortex. ASME Forum on Turbulence in Complex Flows, Chicago IL, Nov. 6– Ciffone, D.

Correlation for estimating vortex. Turbulence measurements in the near-field of a wingtip vortex. NASA Tech MemNASA.]. The aim is to assess the performance of two turbulence models which, in principle, might be seen as capable of resolving both the three dimensional boundary layer on the wing and the generation and near-field decay of the strongly accelerated vortex.

Wingtip vortices are an important phenomenon in fluid dynamics due to their complex and negative impacts. Despite numerous studies, the current understanding of the inner vortex is very limited; th.

The ground proximity is known to induce an outboard movement and suppression of the wingtip vortices, leading to a reduced lift-induced drag. Depending on the ground boundary cond. Wingtip Vortices.

Today we are going to talk about Wake Turbulence and Wing Tip Vortices. Wake turbulence is best explained as a spinning mass of air, originating from the wingtips of a large heavy airliner, trailing backwards that may cause following aircraft to enter an "unusual attitude" of which recovery is doubtful.

These measurements were made in the Caltech Free-Surface Water Tunnel, using a laser-Doppler velocimeter to measure two components of velocity in the vortex wake. Two different model planforms were tested, and measurements were made at several.

The turbulent rollup of a vortex generated by a rectangular wing has been investigated. Extensive mean and turbulence measurements of the flowfield on a wingtip and in the near field have been. A physical linked-measure is mathematically consisted of a complex scalar, a complex vector and a bi-vector and is geometrically equivalent to a vortex.

When the complex scalar means mass, the complex vector implies directed momentum and the bi-vector rotates angular momentum, with using the least action principle to the linked-measure.

The principal subject of this paper is analysis and modeling of turbulent wing tip vortex flows in a far‐field region of the vortex evolution.

The choice of a Reynolds stress closure (RSC) to model the vortex turbulence is shown to be indispensable for representation of the flow rotation effects on turbulence. The principal result reported is the model–experiment comparison of the vortex.

Part of the Notes on Numerical Fluid Mechanics and Multidisciplinary Design book series (NNFM, G.G., Bradshaw, P.: Mean and turbulence measurements in the near field of a wingtip vortex.

AIAA J. 35(10), – () Google Scholar. Churchfield, M.J., Blaisdell, G.A.: Numerical simulations of a wingtip vortex in the near field. Because tip vortex cavitation occurs at short distances from the wing tip, most recent works have been concerned on the very near region (less than a chord), Stinebring et al.

(), Fruman et al. (a, b, a, b, c, ) and Pauchet et al. (, ), and the intermediate region (comprised between one and ten chords. the turbulence in the vortex. Based on this experiment, Dacles-Mariani et al (Dacles-Mariani, et al, ) conducted the numerical simulations of the wingtip vortex flow in the near field region.

The method of artificial compressibility was used to solve the. A full Reynolds stress turbulence model with a hybrid unstructured grid was used to compute the wing-tip vortex in the near field while an x-wire anemometer and five-hole probe recorded the experimental results.

The mean flow of the computed vortex was in good agreement with experiment as the circulation parameter was within 6% of the. The turbulent rollup of a vortex generated by a rectangular wing has been investigated.

Extensive mean and turbulence measurements of the flowfield on a wingtip and in the near field have been completed. Velocity fluctuation measurements show that the near-field core is not laminar.

Particle image velocimetry measurements were conducted for a wing-tip vortex decaying in free-stream turbulence. The vortex exhibited stochastic collapse with free-stream turbulence present, with the breakdown initiating earlier for higher levels of turbulence.

An increased rate of decay of the. The near-wake vortex flowfield from a NACA half-wing was simulated using a fully unstructured Navier-Stokes flow solver in three dimensions at a chord Reynolds number of million and a Mach number of approximately Several simulations were performed to examine the effects of boundary conditions, mesh resolution, and turbulence scheme on the formation of wingtip vortex and its.

An experimental investigation of the wake of an Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) model using flow visualization techniques and a 3D Laser Doppler Anemometry (LDA) system is presented in this work.

Emphasis is given on the flow field at the wingtip and the investigation of the tip vortices. A comparison of the velocity field is made with and without winglet devices installed at the wingtips. Turbulence modelling in application to the vortex shedding of stalled airfoils; The computational modelling of wing-tip vortices and their near-field decay; URANS computations of shock induced oscillations over 2D rigid airfoil: Influence of test section geometry; Zonal multi-domain RANS/LES simulation of airflow over the Ahmed body.

The vortex shed from a straight rectangular wing with squared tips was investigated to identify the main mechanisms involved in the near-field roll up of the vortex. The combination of experimental measurement techniques, such as hot-wire anemometry and a five-hole pressure probe, gave great insight into the behaviour of the mean and turbulent.

The near-field (up to three chord lengths) development of a wing-tip vortex is investigated both numerically and experimentally. The research was conducted in a medium speed wind tunnel on a NACA square tip half-wing at a Reynolds number of × 10 5.A full Reynolds stress turbulence model with a hybrid unstructured grid was used to compute the wing-tip vortex in the near field while an.Wingtip vortices are circular patterns of rotating air left behind a wing as it generates lift.

One wingtip vortex trails from the tip of each wing. Wingtip vortices are sometimes named trailing or lift-induced vortices because they also occur at points other than at the wing tips.

Indeed, vorticity is trailed at any point on the wing where the lift varies span-wise (a fact described and.Wake turbulence is a disturbance in the atmosphere that forms behind an aircraft as it passes through the air.

It includes various components, the most important of which are wingtip vortices and jetwash. Jetwash refers simply to the rapidly moving gases expelled from a jet engine; it is extremely turbulent, but of short duration.